Bijlmermeer late 1960s

I thought it was interesting how Joppes spoke about the town of Bijlmermeer in the late 1960’s. It was built by a turkish architect who wanted to build a modern utopia with separation of function. This included a separate building for recreation, living and working with walking, biking, and metroing being on different levels. This was so families could enjoy peace and more greenspace. Unfortunately this modern utopia led to lots of crime and high unemployment. The biking and walking lanes were unsafe and there wasn’t a lot of diversity in the housing market so poorer people couldn’t afford it. Luckily after 15 years, most of the highrises were replaced by smaller buildings to create more diverse housing. 

The richer cities tended to have more modern architecture. The architecture was very extravagant, so I am curious if these structures were sustainable or not. I wonder if these buildings destroyed natural resources to be there. The big cities endured a lot of gentrification as well. Where did the victims of gentrification go? Lastly, I am curious why the failed modern attempt of Bijlmermeer had so much unemployment, and how decreasing the building heights caused a safer environment.

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