Some key elements to a sustainably designed city is a place that combines clean water, fresh air, safe housing, and economic opportunities for everyone. Something that the Dutch seem to do well is considering the state of the surrounding area that they are building. When planning out cities, they make sure that any green area is protected in order to preserve health and aesthetics. An interesting idea for a utopia is a city in which everything (schools, jobs, etc.) is equally accessible to everyone, which ended up failing because the city ended up being to small to maintain itself. Another important aspect of sustainability is equity and culture, which is not covered in Joppes’ lectures. The Noordoostpolder material addresses the social segregation between farmers and field workers, as well as how authorities tried to encourage cultural collaboration to no success.
Does Amsterdam plan to continue to build new islands for more housing, what are their plans to address the lack of housing?
Has gentrification become a prominent problem and does the government plan on addressing it?
Why did people feel unsafe in the higher rise buildings and what other reasons led to the failure of this idea?