I think the Remembrance Stones in Amsterdam do a fantastic job in memorializing the Holocaust. Comparing Feddes’s map of where Jewish people were living in Amsterdam and the STIWOT map of where Remembrance Stones are currently located illustrates that the Remembrance Stones don’t truly capture the amount of Jewish people living in Amsterdam that were murdered by the Germans. But I love the concept of having Holocaust memorials integrated everywhere throughout the city. It forces people to reckon with the tragedy of the Holocaust every day as the walk around the city, rather than picking and choosing when they remember by visiting a large, centralized Holocaust memorial. It forces people to think of the victims and what they did day to day. It forces people to identify with them by highlighting that they walked and lived on the same streets.
Kuper suggests that the Remembrance Stones tell a version of the history of the Holocaust where the Dutch were as much victims as the Jews; they were forced to cede their neighbors to the Germans under threat of total decimation. However, the Remembrance Stones also serve as a reminder of Dutch complicity. These Stones exist because Dutch authorities played an active role in rounding up Jews for the Germans to murder. As the true history of the Dutch role in the Holocaust becomes more widespread, as Kuper acknowledges is happening, the Stones serve as a reminder of how the Dutch turned over their neighbors.